The medicine contains ciprofloxacin as the main agent. The drug is used for the treatment of bacterial infections in the body. Bayer manufactures this medicine and holds the brand-name Cipro. It is available in various forms like tablets, suspension and infusions.
How ciprofloxacin works in the body?
To understand the working of every medicine it is important to understand how the medicine acts in the body. The medicine works by killing the bacteria. Ciprofloxacin will enter the bacterial cell and damage a very important enzyme of the bacterial cell called DNA gyrase. This enzyme is responsible for helping the bacteria in replicating and repairing the DNA. Bacteria in the absence of DNA gyrase cannot proliferate and repair themselves and thus, they get killed. There are large numbers of bacterial infections on which ciprofloxacin can act. It is specifically effective against gram negative bacteria. These bacteria include Salmonella, Shigella, Neisseria and pseudomonas. The infections of chest, urinary tract and gastrointestinal system can be treated with ciprofloxacin.
What are the indications of ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin is used in many cases for the treatment of bacterial infections in the body. The drug is used for the treatment of infections of lungs, respiratory tract infections like pneumonia, bronchitis, chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis. It is used for the treatment of urinary tract infections like cystitis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis, cellulitis, typhoid fever, pelvic inflammatory disease, infections of gallbladder, bacterial infection of the blood also known as septicaemia, gonorrhoea, anthrax attacks and in cases where patients have gone through interstellar surgery.
The medicine is also used for the treatment of 2nd and 3rd line of treatment in case of complicated urinary tract infections and also in cases of kidney infections that is pyelonephritis. Usually suspensions are given to the children. It can be used for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients with age between 5 to 17 years.
In which cases ciprofloxacin is contraindicated?
This antibiotic must be used carefully in patients over 60 years of age, children and adults since. People who had a kidney disease or a heart or lung ailment must carefully use these medicine patients using corticosteroid medicines and without abnormal muscle weakness called myasthenia gravis must always take a prescription from their doctor before using this drug. Patients with G6PD deficiency must always keep caution while taking ciprofloxacin.
The drug is contraindicated in cases of patients with a history of allergy to quinolone type of antibiotic. This drug is also not recommended in pregnant women and mothers nursing their newborn babies.
What are the side effects of using ciprofloxacin?
This medicine will result into some common, uncommon and rare side effects. The common side effects include nausea and diarrhoea.
The uncommon and rare side effects are skin rash, loss of appetite, fungal infections, vomiting, disturbances of taste, tremor, hallucinations, seizures, anxiety, sweating, difficult breathing, visual disturbances, and hyperactivity and sleep disturbances.
Side-effects may vary from person to person. Some patients may suffer from disturbances in smell, tendon disorders, migraine, and inflammation of the pancreas and muscle cramps.
One must not take antacids, I and calcium magnesium, zinc supplements, other mineral supplements along with ciprofloxacin.