This drug is a macrolide type of antibiotic. It is used for the treatment of bacterial infections in the body. The main ingredient of this drug is azithromycin. Pfizer holds the brand-name and copyrights for the Manufacturer of this drug. There are other drug making companies manufacturing the same medicine under various names.
How azithromycin works?
Zithromax is available in form of capsules and suspensions. The azithromycin is a macrolide type of antibiotic and said before. It can kill the bacteria in an indirect manner. This medicine will store bacteria from producing essential proteins without which the bacteria cannot grow or replicated in number. Therefore the process of multiplication of bacteria is controlled and bacteria themselves get killed by the body’s immune system and eventually the infection stops.
The drug is a broad-spectrum antibiotic therefore it is active against various types of bacteria and thus it is indicated in different types of infections. The drug can be used for the treatment of upper or lower respiratory tract infections, skin infections and yeast infections as well. The drug may also be indicated for the treatment of some sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia
What are the indications for the use of azithromycin?
There are many cases in which azithromycin can be used. The drug is indicated in cases of bronchitis, pneumonia, tonsillitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, Chlamydia, uncomplicated cases of gonorrhoea, in mild typhoid fevers, in bacterial infections of the skin and that of ears called otitis media.
The drug is also indicated in case of Lyme’s disease.
What are the contraindications for the use of this medicine?
Azithromycin is contraindicated in cases of children less than 6 months of age and people with allergy to macrolide type of antibiotic. The drug is also contraindicated in underweight children weighing below 45 kg. Patients with rare hereditary disorder called galactose intolerance also cannot use this medicine.
Indications for use of this medicine in pregnancy and breastfeeding
The safety of this medicine has not been established by FDA when it is consumed by pregnant women. The medicine can also pass into mother’s milk; therefore, this drug must not be used by pregnant women and in breastfeeding.
What are the side effects of using azithromycin?
There are some common side effects that may occur while using this antibiotic. These include diarrhoea, nausea, pain in abdomen, vomiting, loss of appetite, dizziness, headache, skin rashes, disturbances in vision, pain in joints, pain and needles sensation and fatigue.
Some uncommon side effects may also occur while using this antibiotic which includes oral thrush, constipation, sleepiness, and nervousness, pain in chest, vertigo, hepatitis, palpitation, oedema and insomnia.
How this medicine interacts with other medicines?
Azithromycin cannot be combined with ergotamine or similar tablets used for the treatment of migraine.
The side-effects of azithromycin or the other drugs may increase when it is combined with medicines like cyclosporine, colchicine, rifabutin and theophylline. The antiblood clotting effect of warfarin and other anticoagulant medicines can increase while taking azithromycin. Oral typhoid vaccine must not be consumed during 72 hours after completing the course of azithromycin.